Journal of the Polish Hyperbaric Medicine and Technology Society

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Polish Hyperbaric Research is originally distributed in print
Journal DOI:





Polish Hyperbaric Research (PolHypRes) is a quarterly published by the Polish Hyperbaric Medicine and Technology Society (PHMTS). The journal is addressed primarily to its members, but also to all specialists in hyperbaric medicine and technology and all those interested in the subject. The journal publishes papers promoting the achievements of both Polish and foreign academics, students, and enthusiasts, as well as research centres whose fields of study cover hyperbaric medicine and technology.


The aim of the Editorial and Advisory Boards is to care for a high professional level of papers. The journal will tend to publish papers with significant novelty (scientific, technical, medical) and past papers or reports of significant cognitive or educational value.




The materials published in PHR are classified into the following groups [1]:

− basic academic paper, which is the first, original presentation of study results; it is possible to evaluate the results independently of the author and repeat the study in order to verify its results;

− review paper, which is a summary, analysis, and synthesis of existing knowledge in a given subject;

− information paper, providing a review of research findings from a given field, results, and achievements, with particular emphasis on the importance of its practical application,

− popular science paper, which is a description of research results and trends in an accessible way, comprehensible for a wide audience.


Under the rules adopted by the ICMJE (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors), the Editorial Board may allow secondary publications. Secondary publication, in the same or another language, especially in other countries, is justifiable and beneficial provided that the following conditions are met [2]:

− the authors have received approval from the editors of both journals (the editor concerned with secondary publication must have a photocopy, reprint, or manuscript of the primary version).,

− the priority of the primary publication is respected by a publication interval of at least 3 weeks,

− the paper for secondary publication is intended for a different group of readers,

− the secondary version faithfully reflects the data and interpretations of the primary version,

− the footnote on the title page of the secondary version informs readers, peers, and documenting agencies that the paper has been published in whole or in part and states the primary reference.



Sending the manuscript to the editorial office is tantamount to agreeing to a peer review and a publication in PHR and the journal’s website in the PDF format.



Polish Hyperbaric Research charges the author of a publication (the institution he represents) the fee comprising publishing the paper in the journal and on the journal’s website. The fee per page formatted according to the requirements of the editors is determined annually. The authors are kindly asked to send publications that contain an even number of pages, and if it is not possible, the author bears the cost of PLN 25 per an additional odd page. The payment for publication is made after the issue with the author’s paper has been published. A bill with a payer chosen by the author is then issued by PHMTS. In addition, each author receives a copy of the journal with his or her article.


There is a possibility to publish articles free of charge. It applies to junior academics, students and enthusiasts of hyperbaric medicine and technology who are not permanent employees of any academic institution. In this case, a request for sponsorship by PHMTS must be provided along with the manuscript. Such a paper is published with the consent of the Board of PHMTS with the following note: Article sponsored by the Polish Hyperbaric Medicine and Technology Society.

In addition, the authors who were asked to publish the results of their research in PHR are exempt from fees. In this case, the article will be published with the following note: Article ordered.



The editorial board, concerned about the level and status of the journal, once every two years analyses all the articles published. The analysis is used for a parametric evaluation. During the evaluation process, the following indicators are taken into account:

- total number of publications in a given calendar year,

- distribution of publications among different fields,

- range of authors’ academic degrees and titles,

- score of reviewed publications,

- classification of reviewed publications,

- number of citations,

- percentage of papers published in the language of the congress,

- circulation of all issues in the analysed period.



Polish Hyperbaric Research is free for the members of the Society and the journal’s Advisory Board. The annual subscription price is determined each year at a meeting of the PHMTS Board during a conference of the Society.




The manuscript to be printed in PHR should be sent to the editor by e-mail. The manuscript should be prepared in the Polish or English language, according to the editing guide (see 3) and in MS Office Word. The editors allow sending long manuscripts (up to 50 pages) in the case of review papers comprehensively discussing some issues and forming a summary and synthesis of existing knowledge in a given subject. In case of sending a longer manuscript, the editors may offer the author cooperation in elaborating and releasing a monograph or an academic textbook under the aegis of PHMTS. If the author is not interested in such a solution, the editors will suggest dividing the manuscript into a few parts that will be published as separate publications, related thematically.

In case of papers describing the results of experiments involving human beings, it is forbidden to give information that could identify them, unless the information is important from an academic or scientific point of view. In that case, the author must have a written consent to disclosing such data and present the editors a statement saying the above-mentioned formalities have been completed [2].



The publication layout described below applies solely to basic academic papers (see 1.1), other papers may vary in form provided that they meet the requirements included in the style and editing guide (see 3).

The first page must include the full name of the author(s), the address, and contact details for future readers. If there are more than two authors, all their names should be listed, along with the main author’s address and contact details (see 1.6). Next parts are the title, abstract, and keywords in Polish, followed by a title, abstract, and keywords in English.



The introduction should present the origin and justify the purpose of the study. Literature citations in the introduction should be limited only to some items directly related to the content of this introduction. The introduction does not give the results or conclusions of the research.



This section should provide information on the subject of research, methods, and materials used, in an explicit and detailed way so as to enable readers to repeat the described study or monitor and verify it. Well-known research methods should be given a reference. Well-known methods not having been published should be given a brief description. The methods that are new or significantly modified should be described in detail.



This chapter should present the results of experiments or analyses in a logical sequence in the form of text, tables or diagrams. Only important observations should be summarized and emphasised. Data from tables or figures should not be repeated in the text where only the most important information should be summarized. The number of tables and figures should be limited to the ones needed to explain the results, analysis, and statements of the author(s). As an alternative to tables with multiple entries, charts could be used, but data cannot be duplicates in tables and graphs. If possible, quantitative results should be given, with appropriate indicators of measurement error or uncertainty. At this point, the method of analysing the results can be presented. The applied statistical and analytical methods should be described in sufficient detail so that that a reader with access to data or repeating the experiment could use the same method to verify the results. Using technical terms in statistics in a non-technical way should be avoided. All statistical terms, abbreviations and symbols used should be explained.


This chapter is an analysis of the results of the experiment or research in terms of their novelty or cognitive or didactic values. Do not repeat the detailed data presented in previous chapters; they should be used for evaluating the results in relation to the current state of knowledge in a given field on the basis of literature (with an appropriate reference to literature).



This chapter should present the conclusions of the study, either in bullet points or in a descriptive form. Conclusions should correspond with the objectives outlined in the introduction. Conclusions that are not based on the observations, research, and analysis are not permitted, along with statements referring to the costs or benefits, if the work does not include economic analyses. If a hypothesis is proposed, this should be clearly noted. The priority of the research and study that are not yet completed should not be mentioned [2]. If possible, the published observations should be compared with other, related research and indicate their possible implications for future research.



Before a list of references, a list of acknowledgements should be given; it should define [2]:

- contribution to the work that deserves recognition, but does not justify inclusion in the authorship,

- acknowledgements for technical assistance,

- acknowledgements for possible financial assistance (and its type),

- if the study was conducted on commission, then the employer’s name should be listed here.



List of references should be limited to an absolute minimum; a list of literature references should take up to one page of the manuscript. The items of the list should be given consecutive numbers in the alphabetical order (surname of the first author of a book or article). If a few publications by the same author are listed, they should be ordered from the oldest to the newest. If a few publications by the same author and from the same year are listed, they should be alphabetically, according to the first letter of the title. Only those items that have been the source of quoted data or information, are possible to be identified, and refer to field of study should be listed here. Authors should refrain from citing ‘personal’ information or data based on the 'authors' personal contacts', etc. Abstracts and unpublished papers should also not be a source of data. Entries which are still manuscripts or in print should be given the note: ‘in manuscript, with the author's consent’.


The items cited in tables or figures’ legend should be mentioned. If the data was obtained on the Internet and it is difficult to determine their authorship, should be listed at the end under ‘Internet resources’, together with the website and date of access (month/year).


If the author is known, the same procedure as in the case of a book or article is applied, with the website and date of access given at the end of the entry. When quoting theses, the author, supervisor, title, university and department where the paper was submitted must be given. Polish Standards, European Standards, normative documents and instructions or procedures are identified as collective works; standard number/procedure or instruction name, year and names of institutions (for classification societies, instructions and procedures) must be provided. If it is difficult to identify the principal editor of a collective publication, it should be classified as a collective work, and the following set of principles should be observed:


− a book:

X. Adamczewski W.; „Title” Wyd. Publisher, ISBN XXX-XX-XXXX-XXX-X, place of issue, year,


First, the surname and first letter of the author's name are given; then, after a semicolon, the title, then the publishing house, ISBN number, place and year of publication. If there are more than three authors, only the surname and initials of the first three authors are listed, followed by ‘et al’. If the citation is included in a collective publication where it is clearly identified who is the chief editor, then the surname and first letter of the author’s name are given, after a semicolon - chapter or subchapter title, then the pages on which this citation is placed, then a comma and ‘in’ and bibliographic data: name and first letter of the name of the main editor, title, ISBN number, name of publisher, place and year of publication. For example:

X. R. Kowalski, "Chapter title" pages xx - xx, in: J. Nowak (ed.), "Publication Title" ISBN XXX-XX-XXXX-XXX-X, publisher, place of publication, year of publication,


− an article: X. Dąbrowski Z.; Grzywaczewski D.; „Title of the Article”; „Journal” Nr XX (XX) year XXXX, ISNN XXXX-XXXX, p(p). xx – xx, Fig. xx, Table. xx, bibl. xxxx,


First, the surname and first letter of the author's name are given; then, after a semicolon, the title of the article, a semicolon, the journal, issue (in bold and underlined), volume in parentheses (if it is given), year of publication, ISSN number, pages, number of figures, tables and list of literature in the article. If there are more than three authors of the article, the same principle as in the case of a book with more than three authors is applied.



At the end, the editorial board places the publication reviewer’s details. The author should write a note containing information about his or her areas of academic interests and activities in academic organizations and associations as well as any professional achievements.



A manuscript sent to print in PHR should be written in Cambria, 11 pt for main text, Cambria, 12 pt, bold and small caps for chapters and subchapters, and Cambria, 14 pt, bold and small caps for the title of the article. Throughout the text, single line spacing and normal character spacing should be applied. In the title, character spacing should be set to ‘expanded’ by 1.5pt. In the figure legend and descriptions of tables, Arial, 10 pt should be used. Throughout the text, indentation of the first line at 1.25 cm should be applied. For abstracts, use Cambria, 11 pt, italics.


2.2.1 TABLES

The tables in the text should be centred, with centred cells, text in Cambria, 11 pt. To describe a table, use Arial, 10 pt, if the description fits on one line it should be centred, if not, justified. It is not allowed to include a table in the form of a picture. Tables should be numbered consecutively in order of appearance in the text (e.g. Table 1), the name of the table should be aligned to the right



Generally, PHR publishes illustrations in black and white; in some cases where it affects the quality and educational value of the material, an illustration can be published in colour. In this case, the editors may propose to postpone the publication of the paper until the whole issue will be published in full colour. Illustrations should be placed in the text at the beginning or end of a page. Figures must be centred, the legend written in Arial, 10 pt. If the legend fits on one line, it should be centred just as the figure, if not, justified. Pictures should be at a resolution of at least 200 dpi. A common numbering for drawings and photos is allowed. Figure number should be consistent with the order in which they appear in the text or chapter. In this case, the number consists of two digits: the chapter number - dot - the number of the order in which they appear in the chapter (e.g. Fig. 1.2). Descriptions of the illustrations and references to it should be clear and legible, no handwriting or typescripting is allowed. The publication should include an adequate number of illustrations, but it is forbidden to insert illustrations for which there is no reference in the article or that does not add any substantial information. It is allowed to provide illustrations in a separate file in a format that allows editing them (BMP, JPG, TIF); if it is a graph generated using MS Excel, in the case of providing a drawing separately, the author is kindly asked to provide it with a source sheet in MS Excel. If the graph is generated with other software such as Statistica, if it is not placed in the text, should be provided as a graphic file BMP, JPG, TIF). Illustrations submitted separately must be accompanied by information about the place of its location in the text. The editorial board is not responsible for publishing an illustration to which the author has no copyright.



Equations should be written using Equation Editor in MS Word. The equation should be centred, font size 12 pt, normal, superscript and subscript 10 pt, secondary superscript and subscript 9 pt, symbol 12 pt, sub-symbol 10 pt; numbering of the equations in parentheses, e.g.: (1), aligned to the right. Equations should be numbered according to the order of appearance in the text or chapter. In this case, the number consists of two digits: the chapter number - period - the number of the equation according to the order in which they appear in the chapter, e.g. (1.2). All the abbreviations and symbols used in a formula should be explained below it.



The forms of academic citations come from a variety of traditions, communication abilities, and space saving practices. As the Harvard System of Referencing (e.g. [Kowalski 2007]) is very convenient for the author, the editors introduce a modified PWN system, also to the readers’ convenience. The modification involves placing the publication number from the literature reference list in square brackets (e.g. [2]) at the end of the sentence with a citation, before the full stop. If there are more sources, it is possible to list them using commas as separators (e.g. [2,3,7]). It is recommended to quote data, hypotheses, theories, and arguments and not particular sentences and words. The following principles should be kept in mind while quoting:

- avoid referring to publications in which there is no quoted data but a reference to another publication where it can be found,

- do not change or misrepresent the data you quote,

- do not use selective quoting, i.e. do not omit publications in which the information is incompatible with the argument posed by the author,

- it is unacceptable to cite other peoples’ results as the ones of the author,

- auto-quoting should be used with caution, i.e. quoting the author’s own publications should take place only if it is really justified.



Standard abbreviations and symbols should be used. It is forbidden to use abbreviations and symbols in the title and abstract. The first use of an abbreviation in the text must be explained, unless it is a standard unit of measurement [2].



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